Medan Makna Kepala Negara dalam Alquran dan Hadis

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This article discusses the semantic field and lexeme meaning in sentences of head of state in Arabic, especially, which is found in Alquran and Hadith. The lexemes which examined were ūlī al-amr, amīr al-Mu’minīn, khalīfah, imām, sulthan, and malik. Those data were excluding the inflection of plural form, except ūlī al-amr. On semantic field, there is congruence in the form of inclusion, overlap, and disjunction. The analysis of each lexeme in the sentence construction shows the meaning of each lexeme has synonymous meaning with other at one time and has different meaning in other time. Each lexeme could has negative and positive connotation. The connotations are depending on its context and collocation. On the analysis of sentence construction, there are polysemy and homonymy tendency of those lexemes.

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